Posts Tagged ‘Nws Odessa’

The exhibition «Odesshchina: from province to region»

Суббота, Февраль 11th, 2012

   In the Odessa Historical Museum opened an exhibition dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the Odessa region. It presents more than 100 cartographic, documentary and photographic materials.

   At the opening spoke director of the museum Vera Vladimirovna Solodova, Deputy Director for Science Yurii Aleksandrovich Slusar, head of department Oksana Igorevna Krivokhatskaya, who told about the establishment in 1932 the Odessa province.

   In February 2012 marks 80 years of formation of the Odessa region. It was an important stage of the process of administrative-territorial arrangement of the Black Sea region.

   IV Extraordinary Session of the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee of the XII convocation its decision of February 9, 1932 has formed in Ukraine five regions, including Odessa region. It consisted of four cities directly subordinated to the region (Odessa, Kirovograd, Mykolayiv, Kherson) and 46 districts.

   During 1930-1940-s the territory of area and its boundaries changed. In 1954, with the liquidation of of Izmail region, which existed from 1940, Odessa region has acquired modern shape.

   Collection of the Odessa Historical Museum has the original exhibits that reflect the process of administrative reforming of region as an important component of its economic and cultural progress.


February 2 — World Day of wetlands

Понедельник, Январь 30th, 2012

   February 2, 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar was signed the international treaty — the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance as Waterfowl Habitat. The Convention is the main mechanism of protection of wetlands at the international level. Ukraine joined the Convention, signed by 159 countries in 1996. Total list of Wetlands of International Importance entered 1869 ​​objects with a total area 1.836 million square kilometers. In Ukraine there are 33 territories meeting the requirements the Ramsar Convention. 8 of them are in the Odessa region: Lake Kartal, Lake Kugurluy, Chilia Lake, the northern part of the Dniester estuary, Lake Sasyk, the lake system Shagany-Alibey-Burnas, Tiligul estuary, Interfluve of Dniester and Turunchuk.

   To the international Day of wetlands Odessa Branch of the Ukrainian Society of the Protection of Birds has organized sightseeing tour along the shores of Kuyal’nyk and Sukhoi Liman. Members of the Board UOOP Ph.D. Rusev Ivan Trofimovich, docents Kurochkin Sergei Leonidovich and Korzyukov Anatoliy Ivanovich told about the representatives of the bird kingdom of Odessa region and the challenges faced by Society for the Conservation of Nature.

Ferry, Odessa

— First of all, — said Anatoly Korzyukov — we must understand that the preservation of wetlands, it is not an exclusive deal amateur ornithologists. This is an important national problem, because in these places spend the winter or stop for a short rest hundreds of thousands of birds. Native habitats, some of them are located for tens of thousands of kilometers from Odessa. And their monitoring is necessary because they indicative of the state of ecological systems and climate change in general.

— Reducing the number of guests or wintering birds may indicate degradation of wetlands. And this is a huge filter, which absorb carbon dioxide produced in the process of human life and industrial activity. One man, for example, annually allocates up to one and a half tons of carbon dioxide. The preservation of these lands is already struggle to maintain comfortable living conditions of man — says Ivan Trofimovich Rusev. — Giving to these territories the status of national parks provides a legal basis for and the protection and development. For example, Kuyal’nitskiy estuary is a unique destination for migratory birds. In addition, the sanatorium complex «Kuyal’nyk» and proximity to Odessa create excellent conditions for green tourism.

   Kurochkin Sergei Leonidovich:

— Investigation of the behavior of birds in natural habitat, can detect changes in the migration card of migratory birds. Bioakustic studies allow us to elaborate methods of scaring birds from important sites. For example, at one time, we developed a program to oust the jackdaws and rooks from the street Pushkinskaya to outskirts of the city. In some years, on the branches of plane trees on this street was going up to 40 000 birds, and their secretion for the day reached 200 g of litter per 1 square meter. Protection of monuments of architecture is no small problem. In the Odessa airport finally appeared full-time unit engineer- ornithologist. Cases of aircraft collisions with birds are not so rare, and the impact force of kilogram gulls up to several tons. Daily flights of seagulls from landfill to the sea are made by traditional routes. Thus, the preservation, study and living space relationship of birds and human incredibly important to us.

   During a visit to Sukhoi Liman Kuyal’nyk and the organizers of the tour told us about the diversity of birds in this region, a little bit about the plants and rodents, and despite the windy and frosty weather, even shown someone.

   At Kuyalnik estuary, when we appeared, in the air rose a big flock of shelduck — 4000, experts counted right there without any optics, and adding machines. Another name is galogaz. It is burrow or hillock duck. It nests in burrows. Areal is steppes and semideserts, as well as shore of the seas and salt lakes from Transbaikal region to the Ukraine. It is migratory bird, but at Kuyal’nyk tidy living all year round thanks to an extensive food base. Also feel freely on the waves of Kuyal’nitskiy estuary, tufted duck, red-crested pochard and gulls-headed Gull.

   On the banks of the estuary grows in the Wild tulip of Schrenk. It is considered one of the founders of the first cultural varieties, known since the end of the XVI century. In Russia it is listed in the Red Book. It is strictly forbidden collecting of plants to bouquets and digging of bulbs, selling flowers and bulbs. Tulip patches of Kuyalnik comprise 10 000 copies, only yellow. Flowering is from late April to late May, fruiting is in June.

   On the way from Kuyalnik estuary through Tatarka to Sukhoy Lyman, Ivan Rusev showed us winter flats of Mound mouse:

   Mound Mouse behaves as usual during the warm season. On the approach of cold weather, they — instead of to go to people or in extreme cases, into buildings for animals — in the heat — stay on the field. They combine into a family of 10-12 individuals and pour mounds up to half a meter in diameter up to 2-3 meters. At the bottom they equip granary and stock up for the winter with crops of the nearby field. In the research excavations in them were detected a few buckets of selected rice, corn or sorghum. In one such mound was discovered unique hibernating family. It consisted of 16 animals of 6 different species of mice and a pair of shrews in boot. Strong frosts have joined in underground attics representatives of different kinds, without any antagonistic contradictions.

   Driving along Sukhoi Liman, from the headwaters to the ferry we notice on the ice-free water area the swans, herons and gray ducks. Swans are indifferent to the appearance of people on the bank, herons, just in case, fly away. At the ferry we saw young people which held in hands ruffled up seagull. Warming itself in a room, she immediately returned to his brothers.

Kurochkin Sergei, Odessa

   The seagulls headed Gull also were scurrying over the swans. They were isolated from type of herring gulls into a separate type. Visually are different, primarily yellow pads. With climate change and growing anthropogenic influence of man to environment habits of birds also change. It has long begun to notice that gulls, instead of nesting on braids of estuaries, began to settle on the roofs of houses. First it was noticed in Germany and the Baltic, then in Bulgaria and Turkey. Last year, the first pair of gulls had settled on the roof of 2nd high school in Odessa. Whether they reach out to the warmth, or whether are get used to people.

   Systematic observations of bird behavior allow making some interesting conclusions about global warming and the age of the birds.

   In December among whooper swan on Budakskiy estuary was noticed pink flamingo, previously not hibernating in the Odessa region. Local residents claimed that they were 3-4. Red-breasted Goose from Taymyr, previously wintered on the Caspian Sea, and now they are here, in water reservoirs of Odessa region.

   It was believed that in the wild swans live 19 years, in captivity — 21, but 5 years ago, here, at the ferry was found a pair of swans with collars. They had been ringed 26 years ago. Thus, at the time of detection, their age was 28 years.

   Here ringing is carried out mainly on the island Zmeinyy, during birds flight, before, up to 45 000 per year, now much smaller.

   Experts from the Society for Protection of Birds are constantly conduct monitoring and registration of birds. Total All-Ukrainian society consists of 800 active members, not counting groups. For example, a school teacher is the member of the society, but the whole class participates in actions. In view of all assistants, the number of bird lovers in Ukraine is estimated at 15-17 thousand. This is sufficient to fully participate in many international programs.

/ Potapov Igor /


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